CPR For Babies What should you know: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in infants, also known by its acronym in English CPR, requires proper training and training for its performance.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, in infants, is an emergency procedure that is performed when breathing or heartbeat has stopped. This may occur after drowning, suffocation, as well as in the context of severe respiratory infections or other health disorders.
CPR For Babies: What does it consist of?
CPR, an acronym for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, involves performing a baby with mouth-to-mouth breathing, which brings oxygen to the lungs, and heart compressions, which keep the blood circulating.
If a baby’s blood circulation stops, permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes. Consequently, these procedures should be continued until the baby’s heartbeat and breathing return or trained personnel arrive.
Who can perform CPR?
The ideal people to practice CPR are those who have received training for this purpose in a course that accredits them. The newest techniques place more emphasis on heart compressions rather than mouth-to-mouth breathing and the airway, which, in a way, forces review of previous practice.
What To Consider
- It is strongly advised that parents and those who take care of children learn CPR techniques for babies and children.
- In general, today the realization of these training organized by Scientific Societies, Civil Society Organizations and the State itself is widespread.
The Argentine Society of Pediatrics, Argentina, has prepared a document (2013) that points out some essential aspects regarding the issue at hand in this note.
What Variables to consider
Time is very important when it comes to an unconscious child who is not breathing. Permanent brain damage begins after just 4 minutes without oxygen and death can occur 4 to 6 minutes later.
Circumstances in which it is necessary to perform CPR For Babies
There are many situations that cause a baby’s heartbeat and breathing to stop. Between them:
- Electric shock.
- Excessive bleeding
- Head trauma or other serious injuries.
- Lung disease.
- Choking sensation
CPR should be carried out if the baby has the following symptoms:
- Respiratory failure.
- Absence of pulse.
- Loss of consciousness
What is the first thing we should do?
- Keep calm within the restlessness generated by the situation.
- Check if there is loss of consciousness.
- If there is no response, ask for help quickly, being essential, on the one hand, remembering emergency numbers but, in addition, that they are visible in the case of schools, public and private institutions, etc. It is convenient not to leave the child alone.
- Place the baby carefully on his back.
- Observe, listen and feel if there is breathing, seeing, in turn, if there are movements of the chest.
The objective of this article is not to teach the practice of CPR, which requires specialized personnel but to alert you to the importance of adopting the first measures and acquiring training if you had not already done so.
Most children, when they need CPR, are due to an accident that can be prevented. The following tips can help prevent some accidents in children:
- Never leave a baby alone on a bed, a table or any surface on which it can roll.
- Always use seat belts in high chairs and strollers. Follow the instructions for the use of baby seats in cars.
- Teach the child the meaning of “not touching. ” The earliest safety lesson is “No!”.
- Select toys that are appropriate for the child’s age. Do not give babies toys that are heavy or fragile. Inspect the toys to see if they have loose or small parts, sharp edges, tips, loose batteries or other hazards and, even more, when there are older brothers in the house.
- Keep toxic cleaning products and chemicals safely stored in children’s null cabinets and contain their original labeled containers.
- To reduce the risks of choking accidents, make sure babies and young children cannot reach buttons, watch batteries, popcorn, coins, grapes or nuts.
- Sit with the baby when you are eating. Do not let him crawl while eating or drinking the bottle.
In summary About CPR For Babies
- Never underestimate what a child can do. Suppose the baby can move more than you think.
- Create a safe environment. Supervise children carefully, particularly around water and near furniture.
- Do not tie pacifiers, jewelry, chains, bracelets or any other object around the baby’s neck or wrists.