What Is an Ecosystem? Knowing what an ecosystem it is not such a difficult task. Do you want to learn in detail what it consists of?
What Is an Ecosystem?
It can be said that an ecosystem is the set of living organisms that have the same biological origin. They share the same physical place. These organisms are maintained in a constant relationship of interdependence. These differ from each other due to geographic issues and climatic variations.
In order to understand ecosystems more, we must know that the set of many ecosystems forms biomes. These maintain similarities between the species that live there.
Types of Ecosystems
We can find the types of ecosystems around the world in a natural way, among these groups are:
The terrestrial ecosystems these are classified in turn in:
- Humid forests: These are usually quite humid and with very high temperatures.
- Meadows: These are especially essential for the exploitation of livestock.
- Desert: These do not have large amounts of water and their temperatures are quite high. In certain areas of these spaces, it does not usually rain for even decades.
- Poles: These are mostly known as very cold deserts and with low temperatures being very extreme.
The aquatic ecosystems that can be found throughout the globe are also subdivided into:
- Seas: These are large amounts of salt water.
- Estuaries: These spaces have lots of salt and fresh water at the same time.
- Inland waters: These are ecosystems where the water that is found is sweet. These are subdivided into: rivers, springs, lagoons, puddles, waters.
Urban ecosystems are the spaces that were created by man. They can be classified as:
- Artificial: As are those concrete spaces like the big cities.
- Semi-artificial: These maintain many natural characteristics so there is not much human intervention. These are characterized as small towns or cities. The components of an ecosystem are divided into 2
Components of Ecosystems
The components of an ecosystem are divided into 2:
- Biotic: In this division or space are the different species of living beings.
- Abiotic: Elements that correspond to other things that intervene like water, soil, light, winds.
Parts of the ecosystem
- Size: Ecosystems can be defined by their extension. This can be very varied for example an ocean or a small leaf.
- Climatic conditions: These are very varied and this is what generates some variations of the existing species.
- Latitude: This variable refers to the geographical location where the ecosystem is located. Then the climate of the location will depend on to know if it is colder or warmer.
- Altitude: The higher the height, the more precipitation will occur and the temperatures will be lower.
It is also important to highlight that an ecosystem can count on a great diversity of species. There may also be ecosystems with little diversity. If an ecosystem allows the coexistence of several species, it is an ecosystem of great diversity. On the other hand, one where many species do not coexist refers to an ecosystem of little diversity.
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