What is Metabolism? When talking about what is the metabolism is said to be a set of chemical processes, but what processes are carried out? What are the characteristics?
Definition of Metabolism
The metabolism or refers to all chemical processes that traverse the body ‘s cells. This transforms each of the nutrients that we can find in food into energy. This result is the main fuel of our body, so we can grow, do and think.
Identifying what the metabolism is allowed us to know that it is a constant process that only ends when we die. That is why it is vitally important that it works correctly.
How the Metabolism Works
To understand how the metabolism works we will use an example. First, plants obtain their energy from the sun’s rays and from the nutrients provided by the earth. That energy is accumulated in the chlorophyll molecules and is what characterize its color. From there they then create sugars, also creating CO2. This process is known as photosynthesis.
When humans and animals eat these plants they incorporate energy into the body. It is incorporated chemically and is essential for cell manufacturing. After doing this, the human body must break down all the sugars that enter the body and transform it back into energy.
On the other hand, if we ingest fats or proteins, the digestive enzymes decompose the enzymes into amino acids. This process converts everything into simple sugars. Although the body not only uses it to function, it also depends on the fat cells.
Once this whole process is developed, it touches other enzymes to regulate or accelerate the chemical reactions that take place and this is necessary to metabolize all the processes.
Then the metabolism is responsible for carrying out two processes:
- Manufacture new body tissues, as well as the creation of energy reserves. This process is known as
- This is responsible for breaking down tissues into simpler and digestible cells and reserving energy, this process is called
Many existing hormones are manufactured by the endocrine system and these are mainly responsible for controlling metabolic processes. Example of this we have in the thyroxine. A hormone that determines the speed with which chemical reactions occur.
The pancreas also secretes hormones that help metabolic function. Especially to determine when it should be anabolic or catabolic. An example of this is that after the meal an anabolic predominance is necessary because of the high amount of sugars and the increase of glucose in the blood.
As you see if there is any alteration in these processes our body can begin to fail and use more energy opening our appetite to double what we know. On the other hand, if the process becomes slow, it can cause great physical damage.
Commonly diseases related to metabolism must be treated by an endocrine. This is due to their great knowledge of the endocrine system who is primarily responsible for regulating the body’s metabolic processes.
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